The bulk of the species inhabits the eastern half of North America, ranging west through southern Canada to the eastern edge of the Great Plains, south to Florida, along the Gulf Coast and into eastern Mexico. Only the northernmost populations are migratory. The western population (subspecies) breeds west of the Sierra Nevada from northern California (and locally in southwestern Oregon) to northern Baja California.
Special Thanks for range maps:
BGleason Design & Illustration
Commercial & Scientific Illustration, Graphic Design